ERIC Number: ED412669
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Primary Intervention Programme (PIP): A Model for Students At-Risk.
Mitchell, Carole D.; Daley, Avril Z.
The Primary Intervention Programme (PIP), designed to remediate first graders at risk for school failure and prevent special education placement, was implemented in two schools (one urban and one rural)in low socio-economic areas of Jamaica. The program involved four regular classroom teachers, two special educators, and two principals. Evaluation with the Grade One Readiness Inventory identified 94 students (66 percent), with a mean age of 7 years 8 months, as at risk for school failure. The special educators taught the regular classroom teachers special education techniques through monthly workshops. The regular classroom teachers implemented these techniques with the at-risk students. At the end of the school year, testing with the Academic Readiness Inventory revealed that only 16 (17 percent) of the students were still below mastery levels. Program evaluation by the teachers was positive. Findings support the early identification of students at-risk for school failure and implementation of special education techniques with these students in the regular classroom. (DB)
Descriptors: Consultation Programs, Early Intervention, Foreign Countries, Grade 1, High Risk Students, Inservice Teacher Education, Poverty, Prereferral Intervention, Prevention, Primary Education, Program Effectiveness, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Remedial Instruction, School Readiness, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Jamaica Association for Persons with Mental Retardation, Kingston.
Identifiers - Location: Jamaica