ERIC Number: ED412623
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of the Baby Boom Echo on U.S. Public School Enrollments. Issue Brief.
Children of the Baby Boom generation have set off a population explosion in U.S. schools. This dramatic enrollment growth, known as the Baby Boom echo, began in the nation's elementary schools in 1984, and elementary enrollment has increased annually since then. At the secondary level, enrollment increases began in 1991 and are expected to continue through the year 2007. Combined public and private high school enrollment is expected to reach 16.4 million by 2007, a 13 percent increase from 1997, and total enrollment is expected to reach 54.4 million by 2006. While the Baby Boom echo is the primary reason for this increase, other key reasons include: a higher birth rate among Hispanics and other minorities, increases in immigration, especially in point-of-entry cities, more children enrolled in prekindergarten and kindergarten, and a larger share of students remaining in school to get their diplomas. There is a distinct regional pattern to effects of the Baby Boom echo, with increases in western states, and declines in the Northeast and most of the Midwest. Rapid and uneven growth, which places burdens on state and local education agencies, will be characteristic of future enrollment changes. The number of classroom teachers is expected to increase from 3.1 million in fall 1997 to 3.3 million in fall 2007, and expenditures for public elementary and secondary schools are expected to increase 22 percent from 1996-97 to 2006-07. A table lists the 10 public school districts with the largest enrollment increases, and a second table shows enrollment in kindergarten through grade 12 by region and state through 2007. (SLD)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.