ERIC Number: ED412585
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Narrative as Conversation: Motives Revealed through Two Stories of the Holocaust.
Moyer, Barbara S.; Hugenberg, Lawrence W.
A study investigated, in the Burkeian tradition, motives revealed through communication. It also applied the narrative paradigm developed by Walter Fisher, using each traditional standard (truth, aesthetic, results, ethical, and attitudinal) and explored the development of a new standard--the practical standard for the storyteller. Narratives analyzed are Viktor Frankl's "Man's Search for Meaning" (1963) and Adina Szwajger's "I Remember Nothing More" (1988). Each story is compared using the standards of the narrative, including the practical standard, which is developed using Kenneth Burke's identification as a central theme. Two standards of conversational analysis are also used (truth and honesty) to offer additional insights into the motives (compassion, endorsement, and self-judgment) surrounding Frankl's and Szwajger's narratives. The literature is treated as an "I-addressing-me" dialogue of intrapersonal communication. Results included the discovery of insights into Frankl's motives for sharing his death camp experiences while at the same time attempting to market his logotherapy. Szwajger's narrative is found to be less persuasive--her motives are primarily relief-giving confession. The narrative approach to criticism provides different insights into rhetorical events than traditional critical methods. The practical standard can be equated with the practical reasons why narrators choose to tell their stories when and how they do. Both conversational analysis and the practical standard may help communication scholars gain a better understanding of how motives are revealed through the inner dialogue as the narrator struggles to tell the story. (Contains 39 references.) (Author/NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A