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ERIC Number: ED412566
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Interviewing: Bridge-Building and Story-Mining.
Delbridge, John R.
Students who write the least in initial prewriting are often passionate and philosophical talkers--during unplanned conversations they will freely "compose" stories. This realization led one educator to consider using interviewing as a discovery technique. From the perspective of qualitative research methods, interviews are seen as "speech events" in which interviewers and respondents work collaboratively to "make meaning." In successful interviews, interviewers and respondents exhibit a sense of trust, mutuality, and openness--the same qualities that should be promoted in a writing class. A prewriting version of interviewing can be used with more than two persons as long as only one person is being interviewed. Three effective types of prewriting interviews are topic searches, focused interviews, and follow-up interviews. Two metaphors, bridge-building and story-mining, help students grasp the basic principles of "discovery interviewing." In bridge-building the interviewer must personally give something to receive something in return; the interviewer needs to convey a genuine interest in the respondent to establish rapport and facilitate the flow of stories. The interviewer, during the story-mining phase, should watch for the most promising veins to mine. During the first week of each term, the class follows this activity sequence: on the first day, students break into pairs and find out as much as they can about the other person in 10 minutes; on the second day, the discovery interview process is explained; on the third day, the first 15-20 minutes of class is for sharing writing drafts with respondents. (NKA)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A