ERIC Number: ED412518
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Title I Early Literacy Reading Program. Final Evaluation Report 1996-97. Elementary and Secondary Education Act--Title I.
Pollock, John S.
A study evaluated the Title I Early Literacy program that served 1,503 underachieving pupils in grades 1 (1,169) and 2 (334) in the Columbus, Ohio, public schools. The purpose of the Early Literacy program was to provide early intervention to underachieving first- and second-grade pupils who appeared unlikely to learn to read successfully without additional reading instruction. The program featured small group instruction each day for 40-45 minutes on reading and writing activities. A major part of the evaluation effort was accomplished through the administration of the Metropolitan Achievement Tests (MAT7, 1992). Administered on a spring-spring test cycle, the test series served as the pretest and posttest for grade 2 pupils. the spring administration to grade 1 pupils in April, 1996 served as the pretest for grade 2. Results indicated that: (1) 70.3% of a treatment group of 944 pupils displayed over time each of 3 strategic processing behaviors (constructing meaning, monitoring reading, and integrating sources of information; (2) 382 (53.4%) grade 1 pupils read 5 or more books at level 8 or above and 146 (64.0%) grade 2 pupils independently read at least 5 books at text reading level 15 or above; (3) in reading comprehension, discontinued pupils (61) gained 0.85 normal curve equivalents (NCEs) and not discontinued pupils (97) lost 7.88 NCEs; and (4) parent involvement information showed that 3,728 contact were made with program teachers. Findings support continuation of the program with consideration given to 7 areas of concern. (Contains 10 figures of data.) (RS)
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Early Intervention, Elementary School Students, Emergent Literacy, Grade 1, Grade 2, High Risk Students, Instructional Effectiveness, Outcome Based Education, Parent Participation, Primary Education, Program Effectiveness, Reading Instruction, Reading Programs, Reading Research, Urban Education, Writing Instruction
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbus Public Schools, OH. Dept. of Program Evaluation.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I