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ERIC Number: ED412481
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Some Unanticipated Consequences of Summer Camps.
McCord, Joan
More than 50 years ago, the Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study provided services to a randomly selected half of matched pairs of young boys living in congested urban environments. This "model intervention program" is analyzed in this paper. Between 1935 and 1939, information on approximately 1800 boys was gathered. This information was used to match pairs of boys similar in age, intelligence, physiques, family environments and backgrounds, social environments, and delinquency-prone histories. The treatment team included social workers, a psychologist, tutors, a shop instructor, consulting psychiatrists, and medical doctors. The project was funded well enough to provide assistance over an average of more than 5 years and records were complete enough to enable location of 98% of the subjects 30 years after treatment ended. Results indicate that the treatment program was not beneficial. Evidence suggests that parts of it were even harmful. Recently it has come to light that a feature that seems to have been particularly detrimental is the use of summer camps. Among boys sent to summer camps at least two times, 2 turned out better than their matched mate and 20 turned out worse. It is hypothesized that the boys in the study encouraged one another in deviant values. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A