ERIC Number: ED412477
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
A Comparative Study of Gang-Involved and Other Adolescent Women.
Shulmire, Sandra Rodden
Adolescent women have been a part of gangs in the United States since the early 1800s, but they have been neglected in gang research. To address the shortfall, this study used structured interviews, standardized questionnaires, and collaborative records to gather information about adolescent women in a metropolitan area with an emerging gang problem. This research focuses on characteristics of adolescent females that may relate to their involvement with gangs. It examines existing data pertaining to females and gangs, and then explores various theories regarding who these young women are. The study focused on such areas as family demographics and family relationships; school and community functioning; psycho-social functioning; and level of contact with gangs and gang behavior. To further understanding, researchers compared two not-gang-involved groups of females to a third group of gang-involved women. It was found that the mothers of gang-involved adolescent women had significantly lower education levels than mothers in the comparison groups. Gang-involved adolescent women reported feeling mistreated at home significantly more often than other females and expressed problematic relationships with fathers. Friendship patterns and social-structural considerations were also connected to gang membership. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (104th, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 9-13, 1996).