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ERIC Number: ED412445
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Aug-17
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Examining Correlates of Homophobia in Heterosexual College Students.
Reinhardt, Brian
Initial efforts to study the prevalence of homophobia targeted specific groups such as college students, health care workers, social workers, and others. Some of the specific correlates of homophobia, including gender, previous contact with gay people, the quality of that contact, religious affiliation, and the degree of religious practice are examined in this paper. The subjects, 200 female and 120 male undergraduates enrolled in human sexuality classes at a large university, completed informational surveys and self-report measures of homophobia. Homophobia was measured via self-reports of cognitive, affective, and behavioral aspects of anti-gay and anti-gay prejudice. Results showed that women reported lower levels of homophobia than men in the cognitive, affective, and behavioral measures, and that both men and women indicated lower levels of cognitive homophobia toward lesbians when compared to gay men. Homophobia negatively correlated with (1) previous contact with gay men and lesbians, (2) the degree of positive previous interaction with gay people, and (3) the number of gay and lesbian friends and acquaintances, but not family members. The levels of self-reported anti-gay attitudes positively correlated with church attendance, but not church affiliation. Limitations of the study, along with future directions for research, are offered. (Contains 63 references and 7 tables.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A