ERIC Number: ED412412
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Egypt's NGO Sector. A Briefing Paper. Education for Development Occasional Papers Series 1, Number 4.
LaTowsky, Robert J.
Of the nearly 14,500 nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) now registered with Egypt's Ministry of Social Affairs, 25% are inactive, 3% are less than 3 years old, and 7% are private member associations. The Egyptian government's promotion of specific social programs and service models in the NGO sector began after the October War of 1973. Egyptian NGOs, which are primarily politically neutral, fall into five categories: community development associations; religious (Muslim and Christian) welfare associations; private member associations; nonreligious social welfare associations; and scientific and public cultural organizations. In 1992, Egypt's NGO sector had an estimated total annual revenue of $85-110 million (U.S.), with private donations and activity (user) fees accounting for two-thirds of those revenues. Key NGO services and activities include the following: day care programs, sewing classes, health services, aid to widow-headed households, skills training and productive activities, general education, and religious instruction. Most Egyptian NGO services aim to serve the middle and lower-middle classes rather than the poor. The leaders and members of Egyptian NGOs are overwhelmingly male. NGO services are concentrated in urban areas. The sector is characterized by rivalries between associations at both the community and national levels. (The document contains 26 references and 10 tables and figures.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Agency Role, Community Development, Community Education, Community Organizations, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, Learning Activities, Nongovernmental Organizations, Nonprofit Organizations, Organizational Development, Organizational Objectives, Outreach Programs, Religious Organizations, Services, Voluntary Agencies
Education for Development, Block 33, University of Reading, London Road, Reading RG1 5AQ, England.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education for Development, Reading (England).
Identifiers - Location: Egypt