ERIC Number: ED412378
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Short-Term Employment Persistence for Welfare Recipients. The "Effects" of Wages, Industry, Occupation, and Firm Size. Upjohn Institute Staff Working Paper 97-46.
Bartik, Timothy J.
Using data from 13 years (1983-95) of the March Current Population Survey, a study examined how the types of jobs held by welfare mothers during the preceding year affected their employment and earnings at the time of the March interview. The models estimated were probit, tobit, and selection-bias corrected regressions using data on individuals. The estimates suggested that the wages of last year's job affected current employment and earnings, but the effects of wages were more modest than might be expected. The industry and occupation of last year's job made a great deal of difference, with industry being more important than occupation. The industries with the most positive effects on current employment were hospitals and educational services; jobs held last year in the temporary help industry were negatively correlated with current employment. The size of the firm employing a welfare recipient last year had no effect on March's employment or earnings. These results suggested that welfare-to-work programs should consider efforts to target higher-wage jobs or jobs in industries such as hospitals or educational services. (Nine data tables are provided in the report. Appendixes include 16 references, information on occupation and industry code changes, and 4 data tables.) (Author/YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Career Choice, Economically Disadvantaged, Employed Parents, Employment Patterns, Employment Statistics, Industry, Labor Turnover, Mothers, Occupational Surveys, Trend Analysis, Wages, Welfare Recipients
Publication Order Dept., W.E. Upjohn Institute, 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007-4686; phone: 616-343-4330; fax 616/343-7310 ($2, plus $1 shipping/handling first copy, $.50 each additional copy).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Russell Sage Foundation, New York, NY.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.