ERIC Number: ED412360
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
America's New Deficit: The Shortage of Information Technology Workers.
Office of Technology Policy (DOC), Washington, DC.
According to a recent survey of midsized and large U.S. companies, approximately 190,000 information technology (IT) jobs are unfilled because of a shortage of qualified workers. The formal, four-year education system is producing only a small proportion of the workers required. IT workers can also obtain skills from two-year associate degree-granting community colleges, private-sector computer learning centers, in-house company training, and computer user groups. Severe shortages of IT workers could undermine U.S. innovation, productivity, and competitiveness in world markets. Among the factors contributing to the shortage of IT workers are the following: decline in the numbers of computer and information sciences degrees awarded; mismatches between what universities teach and what industry needs; industry practices and expectations; the need to retrain workers; underrepresentation of women and minorities in the computer science education pipeline; and limitations on immigration of skilled workers. Increasing the U.S. supply of adequately trained IT workers will require the following: better indicators and statistics; better understanding of linkages between engineering, science and technology education and training, and workplace needs; better understanding of the IT training industry; and partnerships between stakeholders in industry and education. (Ten figures and 52 endnotes are included.) (MN)
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Educational Needs, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, Information Technology, Labor Needs, Needs Assessment, Partnerships in Education, School Business Relationship, Supply and Demand, Technical Education, Technical Institutes, Technical Occupations, Two Year Colleges
Office of Technology Policy, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20230; phone: 202-482-5687; http://www.ta.doc.gov
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Technology Policy (DOC), Washington, DC.