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ERIC Number: ED412051
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
"Connecting with Courage," An Outward Bound Program for Adolescent Girls.
Porter, Terry
Research on girls' development has found that girls see the world that coheres through human relationships rather than through systems of rules, and that 12 or 13 is a watershed age for girls, a time of "central relational crisis." As their bodies enter the physiological transformations that culminate in womanhood, they face an onslaught of social pressures: norms, expectations, and sanctions related to what it means to be feminine in our culture. Reacting to this change in their relational environment, girls go through a process of silencing their inner voice and projecting an outward self that conforms to society's expectations. Eventually the developing girl forgets her internal voice. The Connecting with Courage (CWC) program is an Outward Bound course that helps girls aged 12-13 to amplify rather than stifle their personal voices. CWC nurtures girls' courage in the sense that courage is associated with personal integrity within one's self and one's relationships. Two critical elements in the program's enormous success are that it combines artistic and creative activities with more traditional adventure elements, and that instructors become role models by developing relationships with the girls and showing them through example that they can speak out, question convention, and engage assertively in relationships. The course has spawned similar courses for adult women, mothers and daughters, and classroom teachers. Strong, fully developed women's voices are needed to fuel the paradigm shift away from Western patriarchal culture. (TD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A