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ERIC Number: ED412048
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Women of Color in Experiential Education: Crossing Cultural Boundaries.
Roberts, Nina
Outdoor adventure is stereotyped as a White, male activity. Women who participate are going against the stereotype of outdoor activities as a male domain, but women of color additionally confront the domain of race. Constraints on women generally include socialization into an ethic of care, concern for physical and psychological safety, and lack of skills and opportunities. For women of color, prejudice and marginality accentuate any injustice or inequality. Cultural behaviors, women's roles, and constraints peculiar to African American, Native American, and Mexican American women are reviewed, and implications for their participation in outdoor education are discussed. Interviews with three women--one African American, one Chinese American, and one Chicana with Navajo ancestry--concerning leadership, gender issues, and experiences of outdoor adventure participation revealed differing perspectives. However, all interviewees felt that encouraging more women of color to be role models, such as mentors in internships, and involving school systems could increase participation rates and racial and ethnic diversity in professional leadership. Women of color felt that the fact that feminism is led by upper-class White women hurts the cause. Because social power has been denied to women of color, they must learn how to use power when in positions of leadership. Many feminists speak of power-with, rather than power-over. Designing outdoor programs that build cultural connections and offer a spiritual connection with nature is discussed, as are the different effects racism has on different people of color. Contains 25 references. (TD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A