ERIC Number: ED412035
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jul-24
Overcoming Persistent Poverty--and Sinking into It. Income Trends in Persistent-Poverty and Other High-Poverty Rural Counties, 1989-94.
In 1989, 31.6 percent of the rural poor lived in persistent-poverty counties (those with poverty rates exceeding 20 percent for every decennial census year since 1960), and an additional 12.6 percent lived in "new" high-poverty counties. While this represents less than half the rural poor, high and persistent poverty is of particular concern to policy makers because it results in inadequate resources to support public services such as education, and in economic and social milieux that depress the aspirations, expectations, and development of young people. This paper draws on the decennial censuses and on the Census Bureau's newly released Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates for 1993 to examine recent income and poverty trends in U.S. nonmetropolitan counties. Results suggest that, in general, economic conditions were improving in persistent-poverty and new high-poverty counties in the early 1990s. Trends differed regionally, with improvements concentrated in Appalachia and the Southeast and deteriorating conditions mostly west of the Mississippi River. Between 1989 and 1994, real per capita income declined in only 26 of the 535 persistent-poverty counties and in 31 of the 232 new high-poverty counties. Most counties with declining income were remote from urban centers, had high proportions of Hispanics or Native Americans, had high rates of natural increase (excess of births over deaths), or were disproportionately dependent on agriculture. Includes maps and data tables. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Dept. of Rural Sociology.