ERIC Number: ED411945
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Children's Behavioral Characteristics and Their Ability to Detect Social Contingency.
Normandeau, Sylvie; Cantin, Stephane
Studies have suggested that the presence of individual differences in children's ability to detect social contingencies may be related to their behavioral characteristics, as a result of cumulative transactions with their physical and social environments. This study sought to identify behavioral characteristics associated with children's ability to detect social contingency and to validate the Detection of Social Contingency (DSC) task. A total of 87 kindergartners and 102 second graders completed the DSC, two measures of cognitive abilities, and a measure of memory span. The children's teachers completed a social behavior questionnaire. Results showed that 29 percent of kindergartners and 49 percent of second graders successfully completed the DSC task, and girls were more likely to detect social contingency than boys. Children who completed the task demonstrated a better memory span than children who did not. Children who learned the contingency rule of the DSC task were more prosocial than those who did not. Among children who were not able to learn the rule, boys were more aggressive than girls. The study shows the discriminant and convergent validity of the DSC task with both age groups. (Contains 13 references.) (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (62nd, Washington, DC, April 3-6, 1997).