ERIC Number: ED411445
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Educational and Gender Equality in Vocational Education. The Case of Commercial Education in Finland. Research Reports 1.
A study described social and gender equality in vocational education, particularly in commercial education, and in working life in Finland. It reflected on educational equality in Finland as a factor in the reforms of vocational education carried out in the 1980s and 1990s and on the link between educational equality/inequality and educational recruitment patterns. To achieve equality, the scope for choice available to students was extended and a two-step selection process was established, where students chose a field of study and, after a year of studies, a specialization line and the level of their further studies. Concepts central to the study were educational and gender equality, social closure, cultural capital, and individualization. Data sources included follow-up studies of the 1980s reform of upper secondary vocational education and of the polytechnics experiment carried out in the 1990s. Results indicated that a later choice of occupation did not eliminate selection on the basis of students' family background. In addition, female and male students' contrasting preferences were seen not only in the vertical but also in the horizontal distribution of their choices. Results of the polytechnic reform showed that students' willingness to consider university studies was linked with their social background. Educational choices were influenced not only by cultural capital but also by gender. (English and Finnish versions of the abstract are provided. Appendixes contain 226 references and 2 tables.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Career Choice, Cultural Background, Educational Change, Educational Discrimination, Equal Education, Foreign Countries, Occupational Aspiration, Postsecondary Education, Proprietary Schools, Sex Differences, Sex Fairness, Social Background, Vocational Education, Womens Education
Institute for Educational Research, University of Jyvaskyla, P.O. Box 35, FIN-40351, Jyvaskyla, Finland (75 Finnish Marks).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Jyvaskyla Univ. (Finland). Inst. for Educational Research.
Identifiers - Location: Finland