ERIC Number: ED411417
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Work-Based Learning. ERIC Digest No. 187.
Work-based learning may occur in the following forms: contracted instruction; cooperative education; school-to-apprenticeship; registered apprenticeship; career exploration; service learning; career internships; career academies; school-based enterprises; and clinical experience programs. The following are key components of work-based learning programs: planned program of job training and experiences; paid work experience; workplace mentoring; instruction in general workplace competencies; and broad instruction in all aspects of industry. Recruiting sufficient numbers of employers willing to commit to the high level of employer involvement implicit in work-based learning and ensuring that worksite learning is of high quality are the most important challenges in developing programs linking school- and work-based learning. Employer involvement in work-based learning may be encouraged through a multifaceted approach that considers employers' capabilities and short-term interests and offers employers several possible paths of involvement and degrees of commitment. After a work-based learning program has been designed, its school and worksite components will require continuous coordination and management. At the secondary level, those tasks are best handled by school-to-work coordinators. At the postsecondary level, work-based learning programs may be based on a mix of work-based learning models and pedagogical approaches and a combination of personalized documentation and standardized performance-based competency profiles. (Contains 17 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Articulation (Education), Career Education, Cooperative Planning, Education Work Relationship, Educational Practices, Educational Quality, Learning Activities, Partnerships in Education, Program Design, Program Development, School Business Relationship, Secondary Education, Two Year Colleges, Vocational Education, Work Experience Programs
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.