ERIC Number: ED411376
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Why the Brutality?
McEvoy, Alan; Erickson, Edsel; Randolph, Norman
School Intervention Report, v10 n4 Sum 1997
This issue of the "School Intervention Report" contains a reprint from the "Youth Gangs: Guidelines for Educators and Community Youth Leaders." The juvenile gang has the power to motivate, direct, and positively sanction violence by its members. In examining the power of the gang to amplify violent conduct, there are at least three sets of causes that must be explored beyond the personal motivations of the perpetrators. These are the functions that violence serves for a gang, the impact organized crime can have on street violence, and the synergistic dynamics of certain cultural norms within gangs. Gang violence is a means to achieve desired ends, even though it is not good for society. One key to combating gangs is found in the power of the bonding process. Healthy groups should be fostered by educators and community-based youth leaders. Most gang members are still connected to the community in some healthy ways, and their lives can be reclaimed if threats to their safety are removed, if they are helped to develop skills and attitudes that promote nonviolence, and if they are given the opportunity to bond as members of healthy groups. Nine resource sources and organizations are listed. (Contains 25 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attitude Change, Community Programs, Delinquency, Etiology, Interpersonal Relationship, Juvenile Gangs, Peer Groups, Secondary Education, Urban Culture, Urban Youth, Violence, Youth Clubs
Safe Schools Coalition, P.O. Box 1338, Holmes Beach, FL 34218-1338; phone: 800-537-4903; fax: 941-778-6818; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; world wide web:http://www.ed.mtu.edu/safe
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Safe Schools Coalition, Inc., Holmes Beach, FL.