ERIC Number: ED411348
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Duration of Public Assistance Receipt: Is Welfare a Trap?
Sandefur, Gary D.; Cook, Steven T.
This paper uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to answer two questions about the effects of the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program: (1) Does the length of time that one receives AFDC affect the likelihood of permanently leaving AFDC?; (2) What personal and family characteristics are associated with long-term receipt of AFDC? The answer to the first question is that the likelihood of permanently leaving AFDC decreases with the length of time that individuals receive benefits, after adjustments for other measured and unmeasured attributes of individuals and their families. The answer to the second question is that not having a high school diploma, never having married, having more than two children, and having little work experience are associated with long-term receipt. Many of the recipients who will reach the 5-year limit imposed by the new federal legislation are in situations that make it difficult for them to support themselves and their families without public assistance. (Contains 6 tables and 27 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Center for Demography and Ecology.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Survey of Youth