ERIC Number: ED411304
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Justifying the Passing Scores for Licensure and Certification Tests.
Kane, M.; Crooks, T.; Cohen, A.
Passing scores for licensure and certification tests are justified by showing that decisions based on the passing score achieve the purposes of the credentialing program while avoiding any serious negative consequences. The passing score is justified to the extent decisions based on it have positive consequences. More specifically, the standard should be high enough to provide adequate protection for the public, and not so high as to restrict the supply of qualified practitioners unnecessarily or to exclude competent candidates from practicing. This paper begins by examining the intended outcomes of licensure and certification programs and by outlining the interpretive argument that is typically used for written credentialing examinations. Some criteria are developed for evaluating standard-setting methods in terms of how well they serve the goals of protecting the public, maintaining an adequate supply of practitioners, and protecting the rights of candidates. Finally, these criteria are applied to the Angoff procedure and to a generalized examinee-centered method. The Angoff procedure appears to suffer from inadequate controls on the judges' natural tendency to set high standards. The use of feedback on candidate performance would probably be a more effective control on this tendency to set high standards if it were given before or during the first round of ratings. (Contains 25 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A