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ERIC Number: ED411260
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Structural versus Surface Similarity on Transfer of Motivation.
Bong, Mimi
The relative contribution of students' capability to perceive structural versus surface similarity on their motivation transfer was studied. It was hypothesized that surface similarity would lead to greater transfer of self-efficacy among tasks due to its readily perceptible nature. More specifically, it was hypothesized that the perception of structural and surface similarity would affect the degree of similarity perceived in the problem pairs, which, in turn, would directly influence the degree of self-efficacy transfer. Participants were 588 students from 4 Los Angeles (California) high schools. Eight pairs were constructed for comparison from four problems in arithmetic-progression, algebra and four constant-acceleration problems in physics. Students were asked to relate their self-efficacy for solving each of the problems and to rate the similarity of the problems and report the reasons similarity existed. Results support the idea that surface similarity among tasks exercises greater influence on students' perceptions and on their transfer of motivation, at least in the initial stage. Perception of similarity among tasks rooted in surface-level characteristics might not help students solve problems, but it can help produce confident learners who persist in the face of difficulties. (Contains one table, five references, and two figures.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A