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ERIC Number: ED411052
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Use of Moral Stories To Assess Relations between Preschoolers' Moral Judgment and Reasoning and False Beliefs.
Derscheid, Linda E.
A facet of the construction of children's theory of mind is examined in a study with a two-fold purpose: to investigate whether story scenarios of typical social interaction could facilitate young children's recognition of others' false beliefs, and to study how children's concepts of moral judgment might be influenced by the recognition of a character's false beliefs. Seventeen preschoolers, ages 3-5, at a midwestern university campus day-care center were read stories about children doing familiar things in familiar settings, wherein the protagonist did not know by whom the actions were performed or to what intent. Afterward, the preschoolers were asked to make moral judgments and explanations about the stories. The results corroborate previous research, indicating that 3-year-old children tend to have difficulty conceptualizing how others may have a false belief, while 4- and 5-year-olds were more accurate in recognizing that the protagonist would have a false belief. Other differences between the age groups were also noted. Results suggest that stories, especially moral stories, may be a useful tool in helping children think about other people's perspectives and how people can make judgments when they do not have all the information. (Contains 23 references.) (MT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A