ERIC Number: ED410833
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Jun
Minority-Targeted Admissions and Financial Aid Programs. NACUA Publication Series.
Heffernan, Elizabeth B.; Bazluke, Francine T.
This pamphlet discusses the legal considerations affecting the use of voluntary, race-conscious measures in college and university admissions and financial aid programs. It is designed to assist colleges and universities in assessing the legal risks associated with the operation of such programs generally, and in recognizing those program design features that present a heightened or diminished risk in light of judicial precedent and federal agency guidelines. While most minority groups have made gains in higher education (HE) in terms of degree attainment, faculty and administrative employment, the courts are increasingly scrutinizing the laws governing affirmative action programs. With the proliferation of voluntary affirmative action programs, schools have frequently been targeted for private litigation and governmental agency review (specifically by the Office of Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Education). The courts have narrowed the governing principles for the pursuit of affirmative action by HE to two primary objectives: to remedy past discrimination and to increase diversity. When instituting minority-targeting programs, institutions should carefully consider several factors including: possible use of race-neutral policies that could reach the same objective; the specific minority group/s benefitting from a given policy; possible consideration of more than race to reduce legal risks; avoidance of a strict quota system; flexibility of program administration; impact on non-minority students; and the expected duration of the program. (Contains 29 references.) (DM)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, College Admission, Compliance (Legal), Court Litigation, Diversity (Student), Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, Legal Problems, Minority Groups, Quotas, Racial Discrimination, Racial Factors, Student Financial Aid
National Association of College and University Attorneys, One Dupont Circle, N.W., Suite 620, Washington, DC 20036; phone: 202-833-8390; fax: 202-296-8379 ($10.50).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Association of Coll. and Univ. Attorneys, Washington, DC.