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ERIC Number: ED410751
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-May
Reference Count: N/A
A Study on Peer Interaction between English Speaking and Non-English Speaking Students in the Primary Grades.
Antonopoulos, Kay; Cimaroli, Sandra; Moran, Barbara; Power, Kim
The report describes a study of the interaction between native Spanish-speaking and native English-speaking students in four classes (one kindergarten, one first-grade, and two second-grade) in a suburban community, and a program to increase interaction. Initially, lack of interaction between these groups was documented using classroom observation, structured interviews, and teachers' anecdotal information. Probable causes for interaction difficulties were identified, including cultural, linguistic, and socioeconomic differences and inadequate social skills. It was determined that in addition to negatively affecting students' school and peer involvement, lack of interaction may also be promoting prejudicial attitudes. A review of solution strategies suggested in the professional literature and analysis of the problem setting resulted in use of cooperative learning strategies and cultural awareness training to ameliorate the problem. Post-intervention data show slight to significant increases in peer interaction between same- and different-language students in all areas measured, attributed to the intervention. Appended materials include the peer interaction observation checklist used, the interview format, sample social studies, language arts, math, and social skills lesson plans, and a bibliography of multicultural children's literature. Contains 25 references. (MSE)
Descriptors: Action Research, Attitude Change, Change Strategies, Classroom Communication, Classroom Techniques, Cooperative Learning, Cross Cultural Training, Cultural Awareness, Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Grade 1, Grade 2, Instructional Effectiveness, Intercultural Communication, Interpersonal Communication, Kindergarten, Language Attitudes, Native Speakers, Negative Attitudes, Peer Relationship, Primary Education, Sociocultural Patterns, Spanish Speaking, Student Participation
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Master's Action Research Project, Saint Xavier University, and IRI/Skylight.