ERIC Number: ED410716
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
A Multi-Site, Cost Analysis Study of Early Intervention Services.
Kochanek, Thomas T.; Costa, Crist H.
A study of 44 infants and toddlers with disabilities enrolled in 3 diverse early intervention programs in 3 states examined the cost of early intervention services and the core ingredients of hourly service cost. During the 12-month study, all service events were recorded for 1 week per month. Overall, findings revealed an extremely wide range in annual cost of early intervention services, from $2,860 to $11,700. Factors that comprised the cost of services were volume of service received, cancellation rate, staff salaries, program support costs, and percent of time expended on indirect services. Specific findings include: (1) the actual cost per hour of all disciplines combined was $38.00, of which 55 percent was salary and fringe benefit costs; (2) the mean amount of scheduled service was 3.14 hours per week, however, the amount of weekly service actually provided was 2.30 hours; (3) the overall utilization rate of scheduled encounters was 79 percent among all study families, however, significant variability among communities was evident; (4) the overall weekly cost ranged from appropriately $55 to $225 per child; and (5) service cancellations appear to increase actual cost of service provided. An appendix includes a service utilization protocol. (Contains 22 references.) (CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Early Childhood Research Inst. on Service Utilization, Providence, RI.