ERIC Number: ED410701
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Work Status Trends for People with Mental Retardation.
Gilmore, Dana Scott; Butterworth, John
Research To Practice, Mar 1997
This fact sheet summarizes evidence on the work status of successful rehabilitations/closures for people with mental retardation in light of the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1992, which strengthened the focus of state vocational rehabilitation (VR) programs on community employment outcomes. Data analyzed were drawn from the Rehabilitation Services Administration national data collection system, the RSA-911 database, which contains demographic and employment information on each individual whose case was closed by VR across the nation each year. In 1993, over 25,000 people with mental retardation made up 13.2 percent of all successful VR closures. Comparison of trend data indicated that there was a decrease in successful closures/rehabilitations from 1985 to 1993 and the distribution of successful closures in competitive (83 percent) and sheltered (3 percent) employment remained constant. Comparison of people with mental retardation with others served by VR from 1985 to 1993 indicated that people with MR had a higher rate of sheltered employment closures than all other people closed by VR; the percent of closures into competitive employment increased, especially for people with moderate (68 percent) to severe (50 percent) mental retardation; and, since 1991, more people with severe mental retardation were closed into competitive employment than sheltered employment. Recommendations for increased utilization of competitive employment outcomes are offered. (DB)
Descriptors: Adults, Federal Legislation, Mental Retardation, Program Effectiveness, Severe Disabilities, Sheltered Workshops, Supported Employment, Trend Analysis, Vocational Rehabilitation
Institute for Community Inclusion, Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave., Boston, MA 02115.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration on Developmental Disabilities (DHHS), Washington, D.C.; Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Rehabilitation Act Amendments 1992