ERIC Number: ED410663
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Mar
The Principal's Role in Effecting a Change in School Culture.
Schweiker-Marra, Karyn E.
Although many studies have concentrated on the principal's role in changing school culture, few have noted which norms of school culture were manipulated by the principal. This paper presents findings of a study that identified the effect of the principal upon school culture in two elementary schools in a county of a rural mid-Atlantic state. Both schools were in the process of moving toward a whole-language curriculum. Data were collected through interviews with 11 individuals (the principals and teachers) at the start of the change process and 2 years later, a survey of both school faculties (n=30), and an analysis of teachers' lesson plans. The findings show that the cultural norms of collegiality and knowledge increased and affected the change process; these norms, in turn, appeared to be affected by the change process. Because nine of the cultural norms increased over time despite the principal's leadership style (one was a facilitator and one was a promoter), it appeared that the principal's role had a minor effect on cultural norms. The teachers at the school headed by the promoter believed that their principal effectively increased several cultural norms. The teachers at the school headed by the facilitative principal claimed that although he did not directly affect cultural norms, he allowed an increase to occur through faculty involvement. Three tables and a copy of the survey are included. (Contains 17 references.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Educational Research Association (Hilton Head, SC, March 1995).