ERIC Number: ED410647
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
An Examination of Change Resulting from a Public Policy Shift from "Falls the Shadow: Changes in Funding Massachusetts K12 Public Education in the First Decade of Proposition 2 1/2, 1982-91."
Greyser, Linda L.
In November 1980, Massachusetts citizens voted to limit the allowable increase in local property tax revenue by supporting a state-ballot referendum named Proposition 2 1/2. This paper presents findings of a study that examined changes in both the sources and extent of funding for public education in Massachusetts communities during the first decade of Proposition 2 1/2, fiscal years 1982-1991, and explored whether or not those changes were associated with a community's socioeconomic/demographic profile. The study used hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) to examine how and why funding changes occurred. Five outcomes were examined: integrated school costs; integrated per pupil costs; gross state aid allocation; the percentage of municipal spending that is integrated school costs; and the percentage of integrated school costs that is gross state aid. The data indicate that while communities might have sought fiscal equilibrium, their condition increasingly becomes one of fiscal disequilibrium. Some kinds of communities fared better than others. The flow of state aid was the first crucial determinant of a community's apparent financial well-being, followed by a community's growth profile. The tax cap was a destabilizing force that only temporarily reversed the course of property tax growth. Finally, economic models represent an ideal world; however, the real world of children, schools, and communities is much more complex. Seven exhibits are included. (LMI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts