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ERIC Number: ED410557
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Moral Story Message Comprehension: Similarities and Differences in Third Graders, Fifth Graders, and Adults.
Narvaez, Darcia; Bentley, Jennifer; Gleason, Tracy; Samuels, Jay
A study examined children's theme comprehension of non-religious moral children's stories. The study used 3 tasks of ascending difficulty: (1) selecting the moral theme when it is found in a multiple-choice context; (2) identifying the story-with-the-same-message when the message is found in a new context; and (3) moral message construction (a summarization-type task). The study's main hypothesis was that there would be a developmental difference in the comprehension of the moral message in moral stories. Subjects were 127 students, 61 third-graders and 38 fifth-graders, plus 28 college-level students from a public university. All groups had an approximately equal number of males and females. Stories from Bennett's "Book of Virtues" (1992) and similar texts, as well as many picture books, were used. Subjects were tested in groups of 25-55 in 2 45-minute sessions 2 weeks apart. Results indicated that the main hypothesis of the study was supported. A second test for reading comprehension indicated that moral comprehension may involve more than general reading comprehension skills. Findings suggest that there was a developmental effect for all 3 tasks. (Contains 2 tables of data and 30 references.) (CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A