ERIC Number: ED410526
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Co-ordinating Co-operation in Complex Information Flows: A Theoretical Analysis and Empirical Description of Competence-determined Leadership. No. 61.
Rasmussen, Ole Elstrup
"Scanator" (a modern, ecological psychophysics encompassing a cohesive set of theories and methods for the study of mental functions) provides the basis for a study of "competence," the capacity for making sense in complex situations. The paper develops a functional model that forms a theoretical expression of the phenomenon of leadership. The essential reasoning underlying this work is that organizing principles, and coordinating cooperation in particular, which are known at the biological level, can be transferred to the psychological level to make the phenomenon of leadership intelligible. The mental expression of competence, the holophor, can by means of Scanator, be described topologically as a cohesive set of stable attractors which encompass information in the form of ideas. It is the coordination of the holophors created through competence which forms the basis for understanding the concept of leadership. The coordination process (coordinating cooperation) is analyzed as an innovative searching process, which aims at establishing a stable state: the superholophor. A series of hypotheses are postulated concerning the functional nature of leadership. A small-scale empirical investigation of cooperation between two college students was undertaken. Prior to the commencement of their cooperation, the students were asked to describe their expectations of the cooperation, which they were subsequently similarly asked to describe. Results support the theory postulated--the expectation holophor of one student is embedded in the cooperation holophor of the other, and vice versa. Contains 23 references and 21 figures of data. (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Lund Univ. (Sweden). Cognitive Science Research.; Copenhagen Univ. (Denmark).