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ERIC Number: ED410493
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Young Adults' Attachment: Does Maternal Employment Make a Difference? Attachments Correlates of Maternal Employment after Infancy.
Domingo, Meera; Keppley, Sharon; Chambliss, Catherine
As growing numbers of mothers enter the workforce, understanding the effects of maternal employment on children and adolescents has become increasingly important. The effects of maternal employment after infancy on adult attachment, and how these effects vary as a function of children's personality style are examined in this paper. It was hypothesized that extraversion would mediate the effects of maternal employment on adult attachment. Responses from 106 undergraduates were obtained on 3 different measures. A median split was performed to divide subjects into high and low extraversion subgroups. Subjects were then grouped on the basis of their mother's employment status (full time, part time, nonemployed) during the subject's childhood (preschool, schoolage, adolescent years). There were no effects found for maternal employment during the preschool years. During the elementary school and adolescent years, part-time maternal employment was shown to have the most advantageous attachment effects. Part-time employed mothers may be more nurturing in that they sacrifice full-time work for their children. Maternal nonemployment was associated with more negative attachment outcomes for introverted children, suggesting that they may prefer and benefit from the additional time alone. (Author/RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A