ERIC Number: ED410398
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Factorial and Structural Validity of Holland's Hexagonal Model for an Asian Student Population.
Tay, Kenneth Kim; Hill, Joseph A.; Ward, Connie M.
A study examined the utility of Holland's hexagonal model as a culturally appropriate theoretical framework for U.S. career psychologists working with Asian international students. Chinese-descent international students enrolled in three Southeastern universities (n=170) completed three instruments: Holland's Self-Directed Search (SDS), an empirically derived questionnaire that examined a variety of social and career factors that influence career choice, and a demographic questionnaire. The SDS data subjected to a series of exploratory factor analyses suggested two models composed of four or five factors as alternatives to Holland's six-factor model. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) revealed that goodness of fit between the SDS data and all three models was less than optimal to be considered statistically robust. However, Holland's six-factor model did account for a considerable portion of total variance underlying the SDS data. Based on the CFA findings, the similarity between enterprising and conventional typologies may reflect an entrenched tradition of commerce and business entrepreneurship perpetuated in many overseas Chinese families. Participants enrolled in technical majors exhibited greater career-interest congruence than their peers in nontechnical majors. Results supported a multicultural aspect of Holland's model that transcends the world of work in many cultures. (Appendixes include seven tables and six figures.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Career Development Association, Alexandria, VA.; Association for Computer-Based Systems of Career Information.
Authoring Institution: N/A