ERIC Number: ED410373
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Empowering the Next Generation: Girls of the Maqattam Garbage Settlement. SEEDS No. 19.
Assaad, Marie; Bruce, Judith
SEEDS, n19 1997
Until recently in Egyptian society, girls--from the point when their schooling ends to marriage--existed in a social void. In Maqattam, the situation is changing as a unique intervention has begun to define alternative expectations and opportunities for adolescent girls, providing them with a bridge between childhood and marriage and childbearing. Maqattam is a settlement of 17,000 people whose livelihoods are directly or indirectly linked to garbage collection and sorting. Girls and women make all the usual traditional female contributions to family life and are also in charge of most of the family's postgarbage collection tasks. Begun in 1987, the first livelihood project established for girls, rug-weaving, has two related objectives: adding to girls' economic skills and personal income and finding a way to release them from the confines of their households. It seeks to impart a physical sense of self-esteem. A paper recycling project and an embroidery project were also established in 1993. The paper recycling done exclusively by young women may be the only project of this kind worldwide. A community health program that trains girls as health visitors provides them with health care in addition to training. A crisis management committee is negotiating two crises: first, girls' right to work and gain respect for their time, and, second, continuing autonomy as they marry. The experience suggests that microenterprise should be considered more seriously, along with other interventions, as an entry point for changing the social terms of reference for adolescent girls. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Allied Health Occupations Education, Community Development, Economic Development, Employment Opportunities, Empowerment, Females, Foreign Countries, Individual Development, Job Training, Vocational Education, Womens Education, Young Adults
SEEDS, P.O. Box 3923, Grand Central Station, New York, NY 10163.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Population Council, New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: Egypt