ERIC Number: ED410360
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Volunteer Tutoring Programs. A Review of Research on Achievement Outcomes. Report No. 14.
Wasik, Barbara A.
The America Reads challenge makes a national commitment to the goal that every child will read independently and well by the end of the third grade. The primary means of achieving this goal is to place one million volunteers in schools to tutor children in reading. However, little is known about the effectiveness of using volunteer tutors in the schools. This report reviews 16 volunteer tutoring programs, most of which were implemented in urban schools. Only two of these programs had an evaluation comparing equivalent treatment and comparison groups to determine the effectiveness of the program, and five of the programs had no evaluation at all. Evidence from the two comparative evaluations did show a correlation between the number of tutoring sessions and learning gains, but it is unclear at this point whether volunteer tutoring programs can have a significant impact on student reading performance, or what types of programs are likely to be effective. Volunteer tutors may be able to contribute to children's reading progress, but a great deal of research, development of replicable models, and evaluation of alternative models is needed if the potential of volunteer tutoring is to be raised. An appendix describes program elements in chart form. (Contains 21 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed At Risk, Baltimore, MD.