ERIC Number: ED410098
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Pursuing Excellence: A Study of U.S. Fourth-Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement in International Context. Initial Findings from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study.
Frase, Mary; And Others
The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is the largest, most comprehensive, and rigorous international study of schools and student achievement ever conducted. During the 1995 school year, the study tested the mathematics and science knowledge of a half-million students from 41 nations at five different grade levels. This report presents findings from the tests, questionnaires, and curriculum analysis performed at the fourth grade level in 26 countries and is the second of three major TIMSS reports in the "Pursuing Excellence" series. Chapters are titled "Achievement" and "Contexts of Learning". Findings include: (1) in mathematics and science, U.S. fourth graders perform above the international average of the 26 countries; (2) in mathematics content areas, U.S. fourth graders exceed the international average in five of the six areas assessed; (3) in science content areas, U.S. fourth graders' performance exceeds the international average in all four of the areas assessed; (4) the international standing of U.S. fourth graders is stronger than that of U.S. eighth graders in both mathematics and science; (5) in comparison with their international counterparts, U.S. students perform better in science than in mathematics; and (6) preliminary analysis sheds little light on factors regarding contexts of learning which might account for the differences observed. (JRH)
Descriptors: Achievement, Grade 4, Intermediate Grades, International Studies, Science Instruction, Scientific Literacy
TIMSS Project Officer, National Center for Education Statistics, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U.S. Department of Education, 555 New Jersey Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20208-5574.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study