ERIC Number: ED409884
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Dec-8
Reference Count: N/A
Self Esteem and Self Reference in Computer Mediated Communication.
Koehler, T.; Trimpop, R.
This study focused on explaining the social character of text-based computer mediated communication (CMC), focusing on the outcomes of self esteem and "self reference." Subjects were 200 undergraduate students of a German university. Three perspectives of CMC were compared in this study: CMC as an impersonal situation, via mediated small groups, and as a hyperpersonal setting. Users of CMC report that the communication tends to be more direct and harder than face-to-face (ftf) interaction. Using Tajfel's Social Identity Theory (SIT) it was hypothesized that the computer-mediated communicators tend to have a greater self esteem. The second hypothesis tested is that CMC users tend to rely more on their own inner resources in forming opinions than on the opinions of others, (i.e. the ftf communicators). Results indicated that the CMC environment is not impersonal, although different from the ftf environment. CMC users were found to have greater self esteem and to be less dependent on the opinion, and less affected by the social influence of others. Four figures outline theoretical approaches of CMC, coupling of SIT and CMC use, expectations on self reference and self esteem in CMC, and statistics for self reference and self esteem. (Contains 14 references.) (AEF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany