ERIC Number: ED409874
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Understanding the Design and Use of Learning Technologies.
Wilson, Brent G.
Technology adoption concerns are increasingly important to understanding constructivist learning environments and learning communities. As instruction begins to move toward more open, participatory models, "end users"--both teachers and learners--are asked to take more responsibility in the learning process. Issues such as the variable implementation of instructional design (ID) products, the functioning of open models of instruction, and the pros and cons of the Internet have direct impact on the lives of instructional designers. This paper relates adoption to design and covers: use concerns within the design process; role versus activities of design and use; learning resources; the blurring of the distinction between design and use in hypertext environments like the Internet; and the continued blurring of distinctions between designers and end users versus teachers and students. Implications for instructional design practice include: (1) ID is much more than materials- or message design, incorporating issues of utilization, market, and adoption; (2) consideration of context of use is more than adding steps to a design model; (3) end users always function as designers as they appropriate and use learning resources, even if they are not involved in the formal design of the resources; (4) teachers must appropriate and adapt instructional materials to their specific needs; (5) the same negotiated dynamics between designers and teachers exist between teachers and students; (6) designers must look for total effects of interventions on all participants; (7) end users need to think like designers as well as consumers; and (8) new frameworks for understanding adoption and change are needed. (Author/SWC)
Descriptors: Adoption (Ideas), Change, Constructivism (Learning), Educational Resources, Educational Strategies, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Design, Instructional Materials, Internet, Student Role, Teacher Role, Technology Integration, Technology Uses in Education, Users (Information)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the 1997 National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (19th, Albuquerque, NM, February 14-18, 1997); see IR 018 421.