ERIC Number: ED409868
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Learner Ability and Learner Control in Computer Assisted Instructional Programs.
Schackenberg, Heidi L.; Sullivan, Howard J.
The idea of learner control over instruction has enjoyed increasing popularity as a result of the growth of computer-assisted instruction in the schools. Some research results indicate that individuals learn more when given control over their instruction; other research indicates that individuals learn less effectively. This study investigates the effects of learner control and program control in full and lean computer-assisted instructional programs on the achievement of higher-ability and lower-ability university students. Subjects were 200 undergraduate education majors enrolled in their first semester of a professional teacher preparation program. The chapters from a required course textbook that were adapted into a computer-assisted program contained a total of 13 learning objectives. The program was developed in four versions that represent the four different treatment conditions (program-control lean and full and learner-control lean and full). Program control subjects were required to respond to all 174 screens in their version of the program; the full and lean versions varied in amount of practice-with-feedback screens (66 and 22, respectively). In the learner-control treatments, the learner began with practice-with feedback items for specific objectives. The lean version differed from the full in the manner in which students chose to add practice or move on to the next objective. A paper-and-pencil posttest covers the 13 objectives in the instructional program. A 13-item attitude questionnaire assesses subjects' satisfaction with the material, their perceived effort, desire for more information, continuing motivation and their confidence in their posttest performance. (Contains 25 references.) (AEF)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Computer Assisted Instruction, Courseware, Higher Education, Individualized Instruction, Instructional Innovation, Instructional Material Evaluation, Learner Controlled Instruction, Participant Satisfaction, Pretests Posttests, Programmed Instructional Materials, Required Courses, Student Attitudes, Student Evaluation, Teacher Education, Undergraduate Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the 1997 National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (19th, Albuquerque, NM, February 14-18, 1997); see IR 018 421.