ERIC Number: ED409747
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Citizenship Preparation for Adult ESL Learners. ERIC Digest.
Nixon, Thomas; Keenan, Fran
Recent levels of naturalization have reached record highs. Since 1950, most applicants must meet strict English literacy and civics requirements. An Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) examiner evaluates the applicant's knowledge of U. S. history and government, administers a short written dictation, and conducts an oral interview. Citizenship classes are often offered within publicly-funded education programs or at community or social service organizations. The rate of low-literate learners in these classes is rising. The teacher's role is to teach about the naturalization process and the benefits of citizenship, prepare the student for the oral and written exams, empower the student, and provide referrals for legal advice. Teachers use two basic approaches to teaching citizenship: conducting a social science or civic education course, or teach only the items on the exam. Learners often enroll just before the INS interview, leaving little time to develop adequate skills. Class activities based on the exam may include: arranging the 100 INS questions by theme; class contests; information gap activities; tape recording; flash cards; dictation; role-playing; drill patterns; cloze exercises; and testing practice. A number of information sources are available to teachers. Contains 10 references. (MSE) (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse on Literacy Education)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Citizenship Education, Class Activities, Classroom Techniques, Educational Needs, Educational Strategies, English (Second Language), Federal Government, Immigrants, Information Sources, Limited English Speaking, Literacy, Literacy Education, Public Agencies, Reference Materials, Second Language Instruction, Standardized Tests, Teacher Role, Testing, Time Factors (Learning)
NCLE, 1118 22nd Street, Washington, DC 20037.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education, Washington, DC.; National Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education, Washington, DC.