ERIC Number: ED409722
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Four or More Eyes Are Better Than Two: Using Cooperative Learning To Maximize the Success of Group Activities in Reading.
Jacobs, George M.
An essay on use of cooperative learning (CL) techniques in the second language classroom looks at the benefits of CL, examines the current status of their use, particularly in Singapore, and makes recommendations for implementing CL techniques in second language reading instruction. The discussion begins with a review of literature on group instruction and group activities in second language teaching, and looks at how group activities are, first, incorporated into second language curriculum plans and instructional materials and then implemented in the classroom. Singapore's situation is highlighted here. A second section looks at what distinguishes CL group instruction approach and its potential to improve group activities. Five advantageous features of CL are noted: positive interdependence; individual accountability; collaborative skills; use of group time to process interactions; and heterogeneous grouping. Variables in task design that affect language learning are also discussed briefly. Three ways to increase the use of CL in reading instruction are outlined and explored: (1) inclusion of CL in pre- and inservice teacher education; (2) incorporation of CL activities in teachers' instructional materials; and (3) inclusion of CL activities in student materials. Several specific classroom techniques and procedures are noted. Contains 19 references. (MSE)
Descriptors: Class Activities, Classroom Techniques, Cooperative Learning, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Group Activities, Group Dynamics, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Heterogeneous Grouping, Instructional Effectiveness, Reading Instruction, Second Language Instruction, Second Languages
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Singapore