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ERIC Number: ED409715
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0959-2253
Lexical Processing in Uneven Bilinguals: An Exploration of Spanish-English Activation of Form and Meaning.
Maldonado, Carmen Santos
Edinburgh Working Papers in Applied Linguistics, n8 p76-97 1997
A study of the organization of the bilingual's mental lexicon is reported. First, three major hypotheses are examined: (1) Shared Semantic Store or interdependence hypothesis, suggesting a single conceptual memory system; (2) Separate Semantic Store hypothesis, that words and meanings are stored separately; and (3) Shared-&-Separate Semantic Store hypothesis, which posits two separate lexicons linked by a common semantic conceptual representation. Other factors influencing organization of information are also considered, including degree of difference between the two languages, degree of language dominance, and the demands imposed by linguistic tasks. An experiment with bilinguals is then described, involving a lexical decision task with repetition priming. Subjects were 45 native Spanish speakers with intermediate to advanced knowledge of English. Four independent variables were considered: task language (Spanish or English); second language proficiency (low-intermediate and advanced); degree of cognates (same and different); and repetition (repetition within languages, repetition between languages, no repetition). Results indicate the subjects had different reaction times depending on language used, proficiency, and repetition condition when considered separately; there was no interaction of variables found. It is concluded that current theories about the organization of bilingual lexicon are oversimplified, and further research is needed. Contains 48 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A