ERIC Number: ED409622
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Protecting the Privacy of Student Records. Guidelines for Education Agencies.
Cheung, Oona; And Others
Education-agency and school staff are legally and ethically responsible for safeguarding student information. In addition to federal and state laws and regulations, education agencies need policies and procedures to guide their everyday information-maintenance operations. This document provides examples of policies and procedures as well as guidelines for deciding what is needed to ensure the privacy of student information. Section 1 provides an overview of the issues and discusses important concepts and terminology used throughout the document. Section 2 describes federal laws protecting the privacy of students that have implications for the maintenance and release of student data by state and local education agencies. The third section describes appropriate procedures for collecting individual information about students. Section 4 explains the management controls and policies needed to maintain and use data within the agency or school. It also addresses the issue of assessing who in an agency or school has a "legitimate educational interest" in specific information about an individual student. The fifth section describes procedures for providing access to a student's education record by the eligible student or the parent. The final section suggests procedures for handling external requests to release information from individual school records. The appendices contain the text of key federal rules and regulations. A topical index, section summary, an index of commonly asked questions, and 22 exhibits are included. Each section includes references, an overview, commonly asked questions, and guidelines. (LMI)
Descriptors: Compliance (Legal), Confidential Records, Confidentiality, Data Collection, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Federal Regulation, Higher Education, Privacy, State Regulation, Student Records
U.S. Government Printing Office, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Policy Studies Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.; Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC.
IES Cited: ED442475; ED437725; ED485370
Note: Prepared for the National Forum on Education Statistics.