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ERIC Number: ED409541
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
Pages: 44
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Relationships among Orthographic Components of Word Identification and Spelling for Grades 1-6.
Willson, Victor L.; And Others
Students in grades 1-6 who were part of the norming sample for the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement took both a word identification task, Reading and Decoding, and a spelling test. Each word in both tests was coded for linguistic components: number of phonemes, consonant blends, vowel digraphs, consonant digraphs, r-controlled vowels, silent markers, and regular or irregular pronunciation/spelling of the word. For each student a regression analysis was performed to predict whether the student could successfully pronounce (spell) the word using the linguistic components as predictors. Regression weights were then used in various multivariate analyses along with overall word identification and spelling performance to investigate relationships among the variables. Correlations among the two sets of variables (word identification and spelling linguistic components and achievement) indicated generally high correlations at all grades among linguistic components and achievement, and between word identification and spelling achievement. Structural equation models were developed at each grade. Specific patterns varied at each grade level that appeared to be consistent with instructional emphases at each grade level in both reading and spelling. For example, phonemic length was important at grades 1-2 but not beyond for both reading and spelling, while components such as vowel digraphs and silent markers varied with grade in their importance for reading and spelling. Findings suggest that word regularity is more important to spelling than reading beyond grade 2, as students encounter increasingly difficult spelling words. Regularity in word identification does not appear to play a role in upper grade activities. (Contains 10 references, 1 table and 8 figures of data.) (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement