ERIC Number: ED409517
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
Risk Appraisal in Scripted Acquaintance Rape Scenarios.
Wright, Doris J.
Cognitive appraisals are believed to influence how women judge or appraise risk in acquaintance interactions which lead to sexual assault. Ways in which men and women judge the presence of risk factors in scripted acquaintance rape scenarios, and whether alcohol was a significant factor in assessing risk, are examined in this paper. Participants were 132 undergraduate students at a large southeastern university. Two scripted rape scenarios were used which were identical, except in one the man and woman drank soft drinks and in the other they drank beer. Results indicate that alcohol did not play a factor in how participants judged risk factors, although differences did emerge between men and women in their appraisals of risk. Males held more negative attitudes toward rape victims than did women; women attributed increased risk for assault to situational factors in the rape scenario itself. Minority respondents showed more negative attitudes toward rape victims than did non-minority respondents. Three risk factors, related to violations of boundary, were revealed as significant indicators of risk; increased risk in a rape situation was associated with violations of personal boundaries by the perpetrator. Implications of these findings for increased prevention training for women and men are discussed. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A