ERIC Number: ED409485
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Women in Management. Facts on Working Women No. 97-3.
Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
Women comprised 44 percent of the executive, administrative, and managerial occupations category in 1996, up from 39 percent in 1988. Only 3-5 percent of top executives are female, however. In 1996, 7.7 million women were employed in management occupations. The median weekly earnings of women in these jobs, however, continue to be only 67 percent as much as their male counterparts. Women are still most likely to be managers in the fields in which more women are employed. Black and Hispanic women, as well as white women, increased their managerial ranks. Women employed in the executive, administrative, and managerial occupations are more likely to be in services, public administration and finance, insurance, and real estate industries than male managers, and less likely than men to be employed in manufacturing, construction, transportation, and public utilities. Younger women are more likely than older women to be employed as managers. Women are still often discriminated against in pay levels, and work and family issues play a part. Women managers are twice as likely as men to be divorced. Managerial categories are projected to experience faster than average employment growth, especially in the service industries. (Contains 11 references) (KC)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.