ERIC Number: ED409459
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Lessons for Welfare Reform: An Analysis of the AFDC Caseload and Past Welfare-to-Work Programs.
O'Neill, Dave M.; O'Neill, June Ellenoff
This book presents research results relating to historical trends in the AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) caseload, the personal characteristics and patterns of welfare participation in a nationally representative sample of young women followed over a 13-year period, and an evaluative survey of the effectiveness of past education, training, and workfare programs in reducing the AFDC caseload. Conclusions include the following: (1) welfare caseloads are responsive to changes in the level of benefits provided by the welfare system; (2) about half of welfare recipients have been on welfare for more than 5 years; (3) marriage seems to be the biggest factor in moving mothers from welfare to work; (4) there is no evidence that any of the large number of education, employment, and training programs that have been offered or mandated for AFDC recipients since 1967 has had a significant impact on the duration of time spent on welfare; (5) it may be more effective for states to focus efforts on programs aimed at preventing teen pregnancy, but such efforts have not been proven very successful; and (6) school may be the institution best suited to addressing the problems associated with welfare dependency. (Contains 46 references.) (KC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Births to Single Women, Employment Programs, Fatherless Family, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, History, Job Skills, Job Training, Participant Characteristics, Program Effectiveness, Unwed Mothers, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Work Attitudes, Young Adults
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007-4686 (cloth: ISBN-0-88099-180-1; paperback: ISBN-0-88099-179-8).
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Commission for Employment Policy (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children