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ERIC Number: ED409373
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Validity in Cross-National Assessments: Pitfalls and Possibilities.
Jakwerth, Pamela M.; And Others
Five interrelated papers that explore the theme of validity within the context of cross-national assessments are grouped in this collection. These papers were presented at a symposium at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association. These papers draw on data from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). The TIMSS involved more than 12,650 schools, 25,300 teachers, and 655,000 students in about 50 countries. A central problem in the evaluation of results of cross-national assessments is that of content validity as evaluated in relation to the specific domain to which test scores are intended to relate. In international assessments, as in national studies, more than one type of domain is of potential interest. Some domains relate to the explicit and implicit intended goals of the curriculum, the "intended" curriculum, and others related to what is actually implemented in the classroom, the implemented curriculum. The degree to which a cross-national assessment reflects a country's curriculum and instruction has great impact on the interpretation of results. The following papers are included: (1) "Opportunity To Learn and the Pitfalls of International Rankings: A Validity Issue?"; (2) "Domain Definitions for Curriculum-Sensitive Tests: Improving the Content Validity of Cross-National Assessments"; (3) "Evaluating Test-to-Curriculum Match: Indices of Content Validity for Curriculum-Sensitive Assessment"; (4) "Item-Topic Clusters, Disaggregation, and Variety of Statistics: Some Approaches to Solving the Validity Dilemma in Cross-National Assessments"; and (5) "Validity Issues in Cross-national Relational Analyses: A Meta-Analytic Approach to Perceived Gender." References, when included, follow the individual papers. (SLD)
Publication Type: Collected Works - General; Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study