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ERIC Number: ED409358
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar-28
Pages: 39
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of School Expenditures on the Achievement of High School Students: Evidence from NELS and the CCD.
Taylor, Corri
This study re-examines the widely-held conclusion that "there is no strong or systematic relationship between school expenditures and student performance" (E. A. Hanushek, 1989). By merging three data sources from the National Center for Education Statistics--the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS), the Common Core of Data (CCD), and a district-level Teacher Cost Index--it was possible to test whether the weak effects of schools' fiscal resources on student achievement could be attributed to the failure of previous studies to account adequately for cross-district variations in the resource prices of educational services and in the proportion of special-needs students who require additional, more costly, services. Data from all three waves of the NELS (16,489 students) were used. A value-added student achievement model is specified and estimated using a variety of measures as the explanatory variable of interest. A positive and statistically significant, although small, relationship between high school students' academic achievement and per pupil expenditures was found. However, the estimated effects did not increase appreciably when measure of expenditures was adjusted to account for resource-cost differentials or when differences in the proportion of special-needs students were taken into account. (Contains 3 figures, 4 tables, and 25 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A