ERIC Number: ED409347
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Mar-26
Clinicians' Explanations of Students' Reasoning while Solving Multiple-Choice Items.
Triska, Olive H.; And Others
A study was conducted to determine whether competently reasoning clinicians (clinical instructors in medical instruction) could identify reasons competently reasoning students would eliminate distractors, and explain how students would reason to select the keyed response when solving multiple-choice items. The think-aloud protocols of clinicians (the number varying from 5 to 11) for 4 multiple-choice items were analyzed by categorizing and coding the clinicians' explanations and then comparing them to the justifications of students (varying from 18 to 32). Results show that expert clinicians were more successful in identifying the students' justifications for eliminating distractors than were novice clinicians, and novice clinicians were more successful than expert clinicians in explaining how students reasoned to select the keyed response. These results suggest that the expert and novice clinicians' decisions complemented each other in identifying the distractor elimination and perceptions of how students solved items. (Contains eight tables and eight references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, March 24-28, 1997).