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ERIC Number: ED409346
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar-28
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Simulation Based Discovery Environments and Acquisition, the Features, and Assessment of Intuitive Knowledge.
Swaak, Janine; And Others
A study was conducted to develop a test that is able to capture knowledge of an intuitive nature, such as that acquired through discovery learning. The proposed test format is called the "what-if test." Test items in this format consist of the presentation of a situation. A change in the situation is introduced, and learners have to select as quickly as possible, from a number of predefined situations, the resulting situation. Performance of students is measured in terms of correctness and latency data. For validation purposes, performance on the what-if test is related to scores on a definitional knowledge test and several aspects of interaction with the discovery environment. This paper presents three main characteristics of simulation-based discovery environments (richness, low transparency, and interaction) and explains how they relate to the acquisition and features of intuitive knowledge. Three empirical studies in which a first validation has been performed are reported. These were investigations of learning through simulation about: (1) elastic collisions by 46 college students; (2) one-dimensional oscillatory motion by 28 college students; and (3) electrical circuits by 41 subjects. An overall conclusion is that tests constructed with what-if items were able to tap an improvement in learning. The approach seems promising for new types of knowledge tests in relation to new types of technology-supported learning. (Contains 4 figures, 6 tables, and 21 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A